What is Chalazion? – How to Treat it

What is Chalazion How to Treat it

What is Chalazion? – How to Treat it

Are you suffering from a small bump on your eyelid that won’t go away? Do you experience eye irritation, swelling, or redness? If so, you might have a chalazion. Chalazions are a common eye condition that affects people of all ages, and if left untreated, it may lead to complications. But don’t worry, there are many ways to treat it.

In this article, we will explore what chalazion is, its causes, symptoms, and how to treat it effectively. Read on to gain a better understanding of chalazion and chalazion treatment and be equipped with the knowledge to tackle it head-on.

  • What is a chalazion?

A chalazion is a common eye condition that occurs when a small oil gland in the eyelid becomes blocked. This results in a lump or bump on the eyelid that may cause discomfort, swelling, and redness.

Chalazia are typically not painful, but they can cause vision problems if they grow large enough to put pressure on the eye. While they can occur at any age, chalazia are more common in adults and can affect either the upper or lower eyelid.

Fortunately, chalazia are typically harmless and can be effectively treated with home remedies or medical intervention.

  • Is a stye a chalazion?

While a chalazion may appear similar to a stye, they are not the same thing. A stye, also known as a hordeolum, is an infection of the eyelash follicle or sweat gland at the base of the eyelid. It usually presents as a small, red, painful bump and can be accompanied by swelling, tenderness, and even pus.

On the other hand, a chalazion is a lump or cyst that grows on the eyelids due to blocked or inflamed oil glands; unlike a stye, it’s not typically painful or discomforting.

While both styes and chalazia may occur on the eyelid, they are two distinct conditions that require different treatments. It is important to correctly identify the type of eyelid bump you are dealing with to ensure proper treatment and care.

  • What causes a chalazion?

A chalazion is typically caused by the blockage of an oil gland located within the eyelid. The oil produced by these glands helps to lubricate the eye and prevent the tears from evaporating too quickly.

When the gland becomes blocked, the oil cannot be released properly and begins to accumulate, forming a small bump or swelling on the eyelid. The blockage can be caused by a variety of factors, such as bacterial infection, hormonal changes, or skin conditions like seborrheic dermatitis or rosacea.

Certain behaviours like rubbing the eyes or wearing contact lenses may also increase the likelihood of developing a chalazion.

  • Signs and symptoms of a chalazion

The signs and symptoms of a chalazion include a painless, round bump that may be red or swollen, and may gradually grow larger over time. It typically develops on the eyelid and may cause blurred or decreased vision if it is large enough to press against the eyeball.

Other symptoms may include a feeling of pressure or heaviness in the eyelid, mild tenderness or swelling, and tearing.

In rare cases, a chalazion may become infected, causing pain, redness, and tenderness.

  • How is a chalazion diagnosed?

When dealing with a chalazion, it’s important to seek medical attention from an eye specialist, such as an optometrist or ophthalmologist.

During your visit, your healthcare provider will conduct a thorough exam to diagnose a chalazion, including a review of your health history to identify underlying issues that could be contributing to the chalazion. They will also perform an external eye exam and a detailed examination of your eyelid, eyelashes, and oil gland openings using magnification and a bright light.

  • Chalazion management and treatment

Treatment for chalazion usually depends on the severity of the condition and involves a combination of home remedies and medical intervention.

Applying a warm compress to the affected eyelid is one of the most common home remedies for treating chalazion. This method can help to reduce swelling and promote drainage of the blocked gland. Patients are usually advised to apply a warm compress for 10-15 minutes several times a day.

If the chalazion becomes infected, doctors may prescribe antibiotics to help clear the infection. This is because an infected chalazion can cause pain, redness, and swelling, making it difficult to perform everyday activities.

In some cases, doctors may recommend a steroid injection to reduce inflammation and promote healing. This can help to speed up the healing process and reduce the risk of recurrence.

For more severe or persistent chalazions, doctors may recommend an incision and drainage procedure. This involves making a small incision in the bump and draining the contents. This procedure is usually performed under local anaesthesia and can be done in the doctor’s office.

In rare cases, surgery may be necessary to remove the chalazion. This is typically only recommended if the chalazion is large or causing significant discomfort. Surgery for chalazion is usually performed as an outpatient procedure and can be done under local or general anaesthesia.

It’s important to note that while these treatments can be effective, chalazions can sometimes recur even after treatment. That’s why it’s essential to maintain good eyelid hygiene by keeping the eyelids clean and avoiding rubbing or touching the eyes. If you notice any new bumps or changes in your eyes, seek prompt medical attention from an ophthalmologist or optometrist.


Chalazions are a common eye condition that can cause discomfort and vision problems if left untreated. If you feel you may have a chalazion, it’s essential to seek medical attention from an eye specialist as soon as possible.

Thankfully, there are several effective treatment options available, from simple home remedies to medical intervention, depending on the severity of the condition. Maintaining good eyelid hygiene is crucial in preventing the recurrence of chalazions. So, make sure to take good care of your eyes and follow the tips we’ve provided in this article.

With all this in mind, you’re well-equipped to tackle chalazions head-on and seek prompt medical attention if necessary. Make sure to take care of your eyes!

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